Comprehensive Home Safety Checklist
|Each year, many older
Americans are injured in and around their homes. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety
Commission (CPSC) estimates that in 1981, over 622,000 people over age 65 were treated in
hospital emergency rooms for injuries associated with products they live with and use
everyday. CPSC believes that many of these injuries result from hazards that are easy to
overlook, but also easy to fix. By spotting these hazards and taking some simple steps to
correct them, many injuries might be prevented.
Use this checklist to spot possible safety problems which may be present in your home. Check YES or NO to answer each question. Then go back over the list and take action to correct those items which may need attention. Keep this checklist as a reminder of safe practices, and use it periodically to re-check your home. This checklist is organized by areas in the home. However, there are some potential hazards that need to be checked in more than just one area of your home. These are highlighted at the beginning of the checklist and short reminders are included in each other section of the checklist.
ALL AREAS OF THE HOME
In all areas of your home, check all electrical and telephone cords; rugs, runners and mats; furniture areas; telephone areas; smoke detectors; electrical outlets and switches; light bulbs; space heaters; wood-burning stoves; and your emergency exit plan.
CHECK ALL CORDS
QUESTION: Are lamp, extension, and phone cords placed out of the flow of traffic? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Cords stretched across walkways may cause someone to trip.
QUESTION: Are cords out from beneath furniture and rugs or carpeting? YES ___ No ___
RECOMMENDATION: Furniture resting on cords can damage them, creating fire and shock hazards. Electric cords which run under carpeting may cause a fire.
QUESTION: Are cords attached to the walls, baseboards, etc., with nails or staples? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Nails or staples can damage cords, presenting fire and shock hazards.
QUESTION: Are electrical cords in good condition, not frayed or cracked? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Damaged cords may cause a shock or fire.
QUESTION: Do extension cords carry more than their proper load, as indicated by the ratings labeled on the cord and the appliance? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Overloaded extension cords may cause fires. Standard 18 gauge extension cords can carry 1250 watts.
CHECK ALL RUGS, RUNNERS AND MATS
QUESTION: Are all small rugs and runners slip-resistant? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) estimates that in 1982, over 2,500 people 65 and over were treated in hospital emergency rooms for injuries that resulted from tripping over rugs and runners. Falls are also the most common cause of fatal injury for older people.
QUESTION: Are emergency numbers posted on or near the telephone? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: In case of emergency, telephone numbers for the Police, Fire Department, and local Poison Control Center, along with a neighbor's number, should be readily available.
QUESTION: Do you have access to a telephone if you fall (or experience some other emergency which prevents you from standing and reaching a wall phone)? YES ___ NO ___
CHECK SMOKE DETECTORS
QUESTION: Are smoke detectors properly located? YES ___ NO___
RECOMMENDATION: At least one smoke detector should be placed on every floor of your home.
QUESTION: Do you have properly working smoke detectors? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Many home fire injuries and deaths are caused by smoke and toxic gases, rather than the fire itself. Smoke detectors provide an early warning and can wake you in the event of a fire.
CHECK ELECTRICAL OUTLETS AND SWITCHES
QUESTION: Are any outlets and switches unusually warm or hot to the touch? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Unusually warm or hot outlets or switches may indicate that an unsafe wiring condition exists.
QUESTION: Do all outlets and switches have cover plates, so that no wiring is exposed? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Exposed wiring presents a shock hazard.
QUESTION: Are light bulbs the appropriate size and type for the lamp or fixture? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: A bulb of too high wattage or the wrong type may lead to fire through overheating. Ceiling fixtures, recessed lights, and "hooded" lamps will trap heat.
CHECK SPACE HEATERS
QUESTION: Are heaters which come with a 3-prong plug being used in a 3-hole outlet or with a properly attached adapter? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: The grounding feature provided by a 3-hole receptacle or an adapter for a 2-hole receptacle is a safety feature designed to lessen the risk of shock.
QUESTION: Are small stoves and heaters placed where they can not be knocked over, and away from furnishings and flammable materials, such as curtains or rugs? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Heaters can cause fires or serious burns if they cause you to trip or if they are knocked over.
QUESTION: If your home has space heating equipment, such as a kerosene heater, a gas heater or an LP gas heater, do you understand the installation and operating instructions thoroughly? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Unvented heaters should be used with room doors open or window slightly open to provide ventilation. The correct fuel, as recommended by the manufacturer, should always be used. Vented heaters should have proper venting, and the venting system should be checked frequently. Improper venting is the most frequent cause of carbon monoxide poisoning, and older persons are at special risk.
CHECK WOOD-BURNING HEATING EQUIPMENT
QUESTION: Is wood-burning equipment installed properly? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Wood-burning stoves should be installed by a qualified person according to local building codes.
CHECK THE EMERGENCY EXIT PLAN
QUESTION: Do you have an emergency exit plan and an alternate emergency exit plan in case of a fire? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Once a fire starts, it spreads rapidly. Since you may not have much time to get out and there may be a lot of confusion, it is important that everyone knows what to do.
In the kitchen, check the range area, all electrical cords, lighting, the stool, all throw rugs and mats, and the telephone area.
CHECK THE RANGE AREA
QUESTION: Are towels, curtains, and other things that might catch fire located away from the range? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Placing or storing non-cooking equipment like potholders, dish towels, or plastic utensils on or near the range may result in fires or burns.
QUESTION: Do you wear clothes with short or close-fitting sleeves while cooking? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: The CPSC estimates that 70% of all people who die from clothing fires are over 65 years of age. Long sleeves are more likely to catch fire than are short sleeves. Long sleeves are also more apt to catch on pot handles, overturning pots and pans and causing scalds.
QUESTION: Are kitchen ventilation systems or range exhausts functioning properly and are they in use while you are cooking? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Indoor air pollutants may accumulate to unhealthful levels in a kitchen where gas or kerosene-fire appliances are in use.
QUESTION: Are all extension cords and appliance cords located away from the sink or range areas? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Electrical appliances and power cords can cause shock or electrocution if they come in contact with water. Cords can also be damaged by excess heat.
QUESTION: Does good, even lighting exist over the stove, sink, and countertop work areas, especially where food is sliced or cut? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Low lighting and glare can contribute to burns or cuts. Improve lighting by:
QUESTION: Do you have a step stool which is stable and in good repair? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Standing on chairs, boxes, or other makeshift items to reach high shelves can result in falls. The CPSC estimates that in 1982, 1500 people over 65 were treated in hospital emergency rooms when they fell from chairs on which they were standing.
LIVING ROOM/FAMILY ROOM
In the living room/family room, check all rugs and runners, electrical and telephone cords, lighting, the fireplace and chimney, the telephone area, and all passageways.
QUESTION: Are chimneys clear from accumulations of leaves, and other debris that can clog them? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: A clogged chimney can cause a poorly-burning fire to result in poisonous fumes and smoke coming back into the house.
QUESTION: Has the chimney been cleaned within the past year? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Burning wood can cause a build up of a tarry substance (creosote) inside the chimney. This material can ignite and result in a serious chimney fire.
QUESTION: Are halls, passages between rooms and other heavy traffic areas well lit? YES ___NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Shadowed or dark areas can hide tripping hazards.
QUESTION: Are exits and passageways kept clear? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Furniture, boxes, or other items could be an obstruction or tripping hazard, especially in the event of an emergency or fire.
In the bathroom, check bathtub and shower areas, water temperature, rugs and mats, lighting, small electrical appliances, and storage areas for medications.
CHECK BATHTUB AND SHOWER AREAS
QUESTION: Are bathtubs and showers equipped with non-skid mats, abrasive strips, or surfaces that are not slippery? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Wet soapy tile or porcelain surfaces are especially slippery and may contribute to falls.
QUESTION: Do bathtubs and showers have at least one (preferably two) grab bars? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Grab bars can help you get into and out of your tub or shower, and can help prevent falls.
QUESTION: Is the temperature 120 degrees or lower? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Water temperature above 120 degrees can cause tap water scalds.
QUESTION: Is a light switch located near the entrance to the bathroom? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATIONS: A light switch near the door will prevent you from walking through a dark area.
CHECK SMALL ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES
QUESTION: Are small electrical appliances such as hair dryers, shavers, curling irons, etc., unplugged when not in use? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Even an appliance that is not turned on, such as a hairdryer, can be potentially hazardous if it is left plugged in. If it falls into water in a sink or bathtub while plugged in, it could cause a lethal shock.
QUESTION: Are all medicines stored in the containers that they came in and are they clearly marked? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Medications that are not clearly and accurately labeled can be easily mixed up. Taking he wrong medicine or missing a dosage of medicine you need can be dangerous.
In the bedroom, check all rugs and runners, electrical and telephone cords, and areas around beds.
CHECK AREAS AROUND BEDS
QUESTION: Are lamps or light switches within reach of each bed? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Lamps or switches located close to each bed will enable people getting up at night to see where they are going.
QUESTION: Are ash trays, smoking materials, or other fire sources (heaters, hot plates, teapots, etc.) located away from beds or bedding? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Burns are a leading cause of accidental death among seniors. Smoking in bed is a major contributor to this problem. Among mattress and bedding fire related deaths in a recent year, 42% were to persons 65 or older.
QUESTION: Is anything covering your electric blanket when in use? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: "Tucking in" electric blankets, or placing additional coverings on top of them can cause excessive heat buildup which can start a fire.
QUESTION: Do you ever go to sleep with a heating pad which is turned on? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Never go to sleep with a heating pad if it is turned on because it can cause serious burns even at relatively low settings.
QUESTION: Is there a telephone close to your bed? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: In case of an emergency, it is important to be able to reach the telephone without getting out of bed. Remember: Check all of the product areas mentioned at the beginning of the checklist.
In the basement, garage, workshop, and storage areas, check lighting, fuse boxes or circuit breakers, appliances and power tools, electrical cords, and flammable liquids.
QUESTION: Are work areas, especially areas where power tools are used, well lit? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Power tools were involved in over 5,200 injuries treated in hospital emergency rooms to people 65 and over in 1982. Three fourths of these were finger injuries. Good lighting can reduce the chance that you will accidentally cut your finger.
QUESTION: Can you turn on lights without first having to walk through a dark area? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Basement, garages, and storage areas can contain many tripping hazards and sharp or pointed tools that can make a fall even more hazardous.
CHECK THE FUSE BOX OR CIRCUIT BREAKERS
QUESTION: If fuses are used, are they the correct size for the circuit? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Replacing a correct size fuse with a larger size fuse can present a serious fire hazard. If the fuse in the box is rater higher than that intended for the circuit, excessive current will be allowed to flow and possibly overload the outlet and house wiring to the point that a fire can begin.
CHECK APPLIANCES AND POWER TOOLS
QUESTION: Are power tools equipped with a 3-prong plug or marked to show that they are double insulated? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: These safety features reduce the risk of an electric shock.
QUESTION: Are power tools guards in place? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Power tools used with guards removed pose a serious risk of injury from sharp edges or moving parts.
QUESTION: Has the grounding feature on any 3-prong plug been defeated by removal of the grounding pin or by improperly using an adapter? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Improperly grounded appliances can lead to electric shock.
CHECK FLAMMABLE AND VOLATILE LIQUIDS
QUESTION: Are containers of volatile liquids tightly capped? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: If not tightly closed, vapors may escape that may be toxic when inhaled.
QUESTION: Are gasoline, paints, solvents, or other products that give off vapors or fumes stored away from ignition sources? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Gasoline, kerosene, and other flammable liquids should be stored out of living areas in properly labeled, non-glass safety containers.
For all stairways, check lighting, handrails, and the conditionof the steps and coverings.
QUESTION: Are stairs well lighted? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Stairs should be lighted so that each step, particularly the step edges, can be clearly seen while going up and down stairs. The lighting should not produce glare or shadows along the stairway.
QUESTION: Are light switches located at both the top and bottom of the stairs. YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Even if you are very familiar with the stairs, lighting is an important factor in preventing falls. You should be able to turn on the lights before you use the stairway from either end.
QUESTION: Do the steps allow secure footing? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Worn treads or worn or loose carpeting can lead to insecure footing, resulting in slips or falls.
QUESTION: Are steps even and of the same size and height? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Even a small difference in step surfaces or riser heights can lead to falls.
QUESTION: Are the coverings on the steps in good condition? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Worn or torn coverings or nails sticking out from coverings could snag your foot or cause you to trip.
QUESTION: Can you clearly see the edges of the steps? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: Falls may occur if the edges of the steps are blurred or hard to see.
QUESTION: Is anything stored on the stairway, even temporarily? YES ___ NO ___
RECOMMENDATION: People can trip over objects left on stairs, particularly in the event of an emergency or fire.
Available from ElderCare Online www.ec-online.net ©1998 Prism Innovations, Inc.